Themed walk on city history

From market to city

Rosenheim was already a trading centre in the Middle Ages for all kinds of goods transported on the Inn. The settlement at the bridge over the Inn, which hails back to Roman times, evolved into a transport hub back in the day. Rosenheim’s right to hold a market was conferred in 1328 and it grew into one of Bavaria’s most important marketplaces. Economic decline came during the 17th century with the fall in Inn shipping and the consequences of the Thirty Years’ War, the Plague and the great fire of 1641.
Rosenheim experienced an unprecedented economic upswing in the mid-19th century, boosted by the building of the third Bavarian salt works in 1810 and the Munich to Salzburg railway line, which began operation in 1856. The population multiplied in the following fifty years from 3,000 to 14,000 inhabitants. Far-reaching changes came in both political and social terms, with many new jobs created in trade and industry. King Ludwig II therefore conferred city rights on Rosenheim in 1864.
The upswing of the day was reflected in the development of the urban structure – the narrow boundaries of the medieval market were obliterated and Rosenheim grew into the economic centre of Southeast Bavaria. Numerous developments and buildings of this promoterism period are still recognisable today in this university and timber town’s cityscape.
Twenty info steles illustrate the individual changes and invite you to take off on a journey of discovery. The images from the past contrast directly with the city as it looks today. This immersion into history provides the key to understanding the city as we now know it, and can also predefine the direction for future developments.

Texts, image selection, technical implementation: Landschaftsarchitektur Stiegler

Graphic design: Stephan Guggenbichler

Consultancy: Karl Mair, local history curator

Translation: Fachübersetzungen Hunger/Altmann GbR

RosenheimKreis e.V. initiated the info steles in 2014 as a temporary exhibition in public spaces. The Rosenheim Historical Society published the historical sites as a book in 2016. The city of Rosenheim took on the idea and will situate them permanently in 2020.

“Schlössl” manor house on Münchener Straße
01   Location, Max-Josefs-Platz 1

Level crossing on Max-Josefs-Platz
02   Location, Münchener Straße 1

Münchener Tor
03   Location, Max-Josefs-Platz 14

Old town hall
04   Location, Max-Josefs-Platz 13

Heilig-Geist-Straße 7
05   Location, Heilig-Geist-Straße 8

First hospital
06   Location, Heilig-Geist-Straße 14

The Wiesentor gate
07   Location, Kaiserstraße 15

08   Location, Kaiserstraße 23

09   Location, Kaiserstraße 44 (junction with Rechenauerstraße)

Inntor gate on Ludwigsplatz
10   Location, Ludwigsplatz 31

11   Location, Ludwigsplatz 31

Gate to the dyers’ quarter
12   Location, Färberstraße 17

13   Location, Ludwigsplatz 4

Rosenheim’s first train station
14   Location, Rathausstraße 22

The first railway line
15   Location, Rathausstraße 30

Huber ropemakers
16   Location, Briançonstraße 5

The “Messinghammer” site
17   Location, Kufsteiner Straße 42 (traffic island)

Bräu am Anger
18   Location, Kufsteiner Straße 12

Salt works
19   Location, Salinstraße 6

Rosenheim’s second train station
20   Location, Bahnhofstraße 12